Thursday, October 16, 2008

Introduction to Urinalysis

Urinalysis is a test that analyzes urine. It is comprised of three examinations which are chemical testing for abnormal chemical constituents, microscopic exam for abnormal insoluble constituents and physical or volume analysis for urine.

It can reveal diseases that have gone unnoticed because they do not produce striking signs or symptoms. Examples include diabetes mellitus, various forms of glomerulonephritis, and chronic urinary tract infections.

There are ten parameters tested in urinalysis which are specific gravity (sp gr), pH, leukocyte esterase, nitrite, protein, glucose, ketones, urobilinogen, bilirubin and red blood cell

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