Friday, April 3, 2009


Cytology is the branch of diagnosis medicine, which deals with the study of individual cells, and/or tissue fragments spread on laboratory slide and stained appropriately. In cytology, the Medical Laboratory technologists learned how to identify the normal cells of the female genital tract, how to detect abnormalities from infections and inflammation as well as the basics of the Pap test. As a continuation to that, Medical Laboratory Technologists study on how to differentiate between benign lesions and potentially malignant lesions on the cytology smears. More will be explained on different types of carcinoma that occur in cervical cancer. There will also be an emphasis on the proper running of a cytological laboratory.

Medical Laboratory Technologists should be able to tell if a sample shows an abnormality and also what is the nature of that lesion. They should also be well-versed in the laboratory management aspects of cytology, such as quality control, how to effectively run a lab and how to handle samples from the moment they arrive until the report is dispatched back to the physician. Cytology deals with the study of epithelial cells and non-epithelial cells. It gives an understanding of normal cytology of female genital tract through microscopic examination of Pap smear. Medical Laboratory Technologists are also exposed to epithelial changes due to inflammations, infections, hormonal influences as well as regenerative and degenerative processes.

Main Reference Textbook:
Diagnostic Cytology and its Histopathology Basis, Koss,L 4th Edition, Lippincott

Additional Reference Materials:
The Manual of Cytotechnology, American Society of Clinical Pathologist, 1997
A Manual of cytotechnology

Basic Histopathology, A color atlas and text, 4th Edition 2002. Wheather

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